The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development
|The Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development seeks to address the problems of persistent and concentrated urban poverty and is dedicated to understanding how social and economic changes affect low-income communities and their residents. Based in Cleveland, the Center views the city as both a tool for building communities and producing change locally, and as a representative urban center from which nationally-relevant research and policy implications can be drawn.|
Sep 30 2014
With recent Census data indicating that 54 percent of children in the City of Cleveland live in poverty, the Cleveland Plain Dealer asked Dr. Claudia Coulton, Co-Director of the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development, about the relationship between poverty and health for “More than half of Cleveland kids live in poverty, and it’s making them sick” on September 30, 2014.
“Poverty is stressful both for the parents and the children, because of the uncertainty of life, and basic life needs that face families on a very tight income,” said Dr. Coulton who believes it’s very clear that stress is the mechanism linking poverty with poor health. Compounding the problem, the longer the stress lasts the more adverse it has on the health of the child. “Long-term poverty, particularly that starts in childhood, is a big factor in differences in health outcomes, even on into adulthood.”
While Cleveland has one of the highest poverty rates for children in the country, Coulton believes “Cleveland is really out ahead of the nation” on building a coalition to increase prekindergarten enrollment. Studies have shown high quality Pre-K and childcare can greatly helps low-income children be prepared for school. PRE4CLE, a partnership begun earlier this year, plans to double the number of Cleveland children in preschool. The Poverty Center is a technical consultant to the Cleveland Pre-K Task Force.
Dr. Coulton and the Poverty Center have been studying poverty in the region, its affects on children, and the benefits of prekindergarten for decades. The above map is from a recent Poverty Center report on child poverty. See also:
Sep 24 2014
Professor Mark Joseph has been appointed to the Advisory Board of Cityscape, the journal produced by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Dr. Joseph is the director of the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities and is a faculty associate at the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development at the Mandel School.
The goal of Cityscape is to bring high-quality original research on housing and community development issues to scholars, government officials, policymakers, and practitioners. Published three times a year, Cityscape is open to all relevant disciplines, including architecture, consumer research, demography, economics, engineering, ethnography, finance, geography, law, planning, political science, public policy, regional science, sociology, statistics, and urban studies.
Dr. Joseph has also been selected to introduce award-winning British author Zadie Smith when she speaks at the CWRU campus on September 30 for the Cuyahoga County Public Library’s Writers Center Stage series. Smith has published four novels, all of which have received substantial critical praise. Her most recent novel, NW, was a National Book Critics Circle Award finalist.
Sep 23 2014
The recently released paper “Does mortgage deregulation increase foreclosures? Evidence from Cleveland” by Yilan Xu, Ph.D. of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, uses data from the Center on Urban Poverty and Community Development‘s NEO CANDO (Northeast Ohio Community and Neighborhood Data for Organizing) online database. Dr. Xu used loan and foreclosure data from the Loan Origination and Foreclosure Matched Data of Cuyahoga County, freely available through NEO CANDO.
The paper also referenced Pathways to foreclosure: a longitudinal study of mortgage loans, Cleveland and Cuyahoga County, 2005–2008, a report from the Poverty Center authored by Co-Director Claudia Coulton with researchers Michael Schramm and Kirsten Mikelbank. The above map image is from this report.
Read Dr. Xu’s full paper in the journal Regional Science and Urban Economics on ScienceDirect.by